You probably came across the word testosterone in High School Biology. Then in college where people kind of relate it to aggression and hostility. Let’s understand the misunderstood hormone better.
So what is Testosterone exactly?
Testosterone is the main male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid. This hormone is especially responsible in the development of the male reproductive tissues such as the testis and prostate. It also promotes secondary sexual characteristics like muscle and bone mass, and body hair growth. It also plays a role in health and well-being and the prevention of osteoporosis.
Typically, a man’s body makes around 7 mg of the T hormone daily. Although not all is being used by the body. There are three sub-types:
This is the most organic form. Yet, it only makes up 2-3% of the total T levels in the body. It’s not attached to other molecules so it can enter cells and activate receptors to keep you healthy, fit, and manly.
Sex Hormone Binding Globulin or SHBG Testosterone
About 40-50% is attached to a protein called sex hormone-binding-globulin or SHBG. SHBG is made in the liver. It helps regulate free T amount in the body. It’s biologically inactive. The body cannot use this type in building muscles or boosting mood.
The third and remaining type is attached to a protein known as albumin. Also produced in the liver, albumin stabilizes volumes of extra-cellular fluid. Like SHBG-bound T, this type is biologically inactive. However, the bond between albumin and testosterone is weak. As a result, free testosterone can be make by breaking the bond.
Benefits of Having Good Testosterone Levels
- It aids in fighting depression. Studies found that men with depression normally have lacking testosterone levels.
- It reduces body fat since it plays in normalizing glucose, insulin, and fat breakdown.
- T also increases muscle mass. It boosts muscle protein synthesis.
- It strengthens bones. T increases bone density by firing up bone mineralization while reducing bone resorption.
- It surges libido and improves erections. It is after all a male sex hormone. Links between erectile dysfunction and low T hormone levels have been found.
- It lowers chances of having Alzheimer’s Disease.
- T may aid in improving perception.
- It increases competitiveness. Men are competitive in nature. T is possibly accountable for the ‘determination to win’.
- It increases power. T stimulates men to obtain and maintain social status.
- Of course, the T hormone aids in attracting women. Women love great confidence and high levels of T means confidence!
What are benefits of testosterone that you know? Let us know in the comments section below!