In times of emergency like disasters whether it is natural like an earthquake or typhoon; or man-made like a terrorist attack, it is strongly advised that every household should prepare an emergency kit in case there may be a need to evacuate. The following are the basic contents that you need to have in your emergency kit.
Water – This is in the event water supply is cut off and there will be no clean potable water for days to come. If you need to evacuate, provide 2 liters of water per person (in smaller bottles).
Food – It is recommended you pack non-perishable food or those that will not spoil like canned goods. You may also include dried foods and energy bars. If there is no disaster, replace them if they go beyond the expiration date. Provide a manual can opener for these.
Transistor radio – This “old school” device will be your connection to the outside world. Expect power outage which may last for days (that means no Internet connection). This allows you to listen to news updates and advisories that may be aired. Be sure to have extra batteries available (or fully charged).
First Aid kit – For treatment of injuries. You may need gauze bandages of all shapes and sizes, elastic bandage for fractures and sprains, topical antibiotics, Betadine and alcohol; also include essential medications like paracetamol and those prescribed by doctors for specific ailments you or your household may be having (diabetes, hypertension, etc.).
Extra Keys – For your car or house in case you may have to leave it and evacuate.
Cash, Traveler’ Checks and Loose Change –Expect banks to be closed and Automated Teller Machines may go offline if there is a power outage. Have an adequate amount on hand in case you need to buy something. The loose change (barya) or smaller bills is in case you cannot get any change from stores if you are carrying high denomination bills.
Important Documents – Documents such as ID’s bank records, birth certificates, and other legal documents which may be irreplaceable if destroyed or lost. Do not forget to bring your valuable as well.
Emergency Plan. Although you can lecture this to your household, it would be a good idea to have it black and white and each member is given a copy to follow in case any of you get lost.
Other items you may include if space allows:
Candles, lanterns (battery-powered and gas-powered), flashlights, matches or lighter.
Extra sets of clothing and footwear.
Sleeping bags and blankets.
Toiletries and personal hygiene items such as soap, sanitizer, toilet paper and garbage bags.
Cell phone and charger plus prepaid phone cards in case stores cannot give you load. Handheld radios (if you have it).
Infant formula and other items (milk, diapers, etc.) if you have infants.
Utensils, plates and cups.
Tools like a hammer, wrenches, screwdrivers and pliers. It is recommended you invest in a Swiss Army Knife and Mutli-Tool.
These items should be enough to tide you over until everything is back to normal. Be sure to replenish and replace anything used for the next emergency.
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