There are different health issues in America, some of them are urgent, while others have not yet reached a critical mark, but they are potentially dangerous to human life and health. We have chosen the top five diseases that Americans face.
- Heart Disease
This is one of the biggest health issues in America. This illness affects more men than women and more than half of the deaths in the USA occur as a result of heart disease. Heart disease is a collective term for arrhythmias, heart failure, and plaque buildup in the walls of arteries (they become too narrow for the blood to flow easily).
These problems can cause a heart attack, and the warning signs are the following:
- Chest pain and discomfort in the upper body (arms, chest, neck);
- Cold sweat;
Obesity is one of the biggest problems in America today. According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) (2009-2010), approximately 69% of adults are overweight or obese, with more than 78 million adult Americans considered obese.
The worst news is, that children become heavier as well. The rate of obese children in America remains high, it cannot but cause concern.
Thus, both adults and children suffer from obesity and great or minor health issues it is linked to. Running is one of the greatest way to solve this problem.
Accompanying illnesses are the following:
- High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol
When you have high blood pressure, you can experience a headache, chest pain, confusion, fatigue, irregular heartbeat, vision problems. If you want to know whether you have high cholesterol or not, you should get tested. Both these conditions are life-hazardous because they can result in a heart attack.
- Type 2 Diabetes
If the body produces very little insulin or doesn’t react to insulin properly, then type 2 diabetes appears. This disease is considered to be a disorder of metabolism. Obesity is also a nutritional disorder, connected with consuming more calories than the body needs.
Osteoarthritis is a common type of arthritis (inflammation of the joints). If a person is obese, then much stress is put on the joints of the knees, hips, and the spine. The symptoms include joint pain and stiffness and as a result, the cartilage can lose its elasticity.
- Certain Cancers
Cancer of the kidney, liver, upper stomach, thyroid, breast and other types are connected with excessive weight.
The American Thyroid Association estimates that 2%-3% of Americans have pronounced hypothyroidism, while 10%-15% have a mild version of the disease. Hypothyroidism occurs more frequently in women, especially women over age 60. Around half of Americans with the condition don’t realize that they have hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism means that a thyroid doesn’t produce enough hormones. The intake of certain medications, inflammation or thyroid surgery can cause this disease. The main symptoms are fatigue, cold intolerance, weight gain, a high cholesterol level, dry skin, a slowed heart rate, achy joints, memory decline, muscle stiffness, and weakness.
In infants, such symptoms as recurrent choking, puffy skin, constipation and constant sleepiness can be traced. On top of that, children and teenagers can suffer from cognitive delays, delayed puberty, and short stature.
- Respiratory Diseases
It is estimated that about 25 million Americans have asthma, and seniors who are 65 years old and older live with such diseases as emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Respiratory diseases make people of all ages more prone to pneumonia and other lung infections.
The common symptoms are chest discomfort, fatigue, shortness of breath, cough, wheezing, weight loss, sleep problems, anxiety, slight fever, and production of mucus (chronic bronchitis, emphysema).
- Heartburn and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Many Americans don’t maintain healthy eating habits, lead a sedentary lifestyle and they are exposed to stress and anxiety, that is why they can suffer from heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Statistics show that around 20 percent of Americans have gastroesophageal reflux disease. This illness means a return of the stomach’s contents back up into the esophagus. Usually, being overweight, smoking, pregnancy, the intake of certain medicines (antidepressants, antihistamines, sedatives, etc.) can lead to this condition.
Heartburn (usually after eating) is one of the major symptoms of GERD. Other symptoms involve chest pain, bad breath, asthma, sore throat, sour taste in the mouth, trouble swallowing, the sensation of a lump in the throat, chronic dry cough, and Laryngitis (in case of nighttime acid reflux).
Thus, these are the main health issues Americans come across. All these issues are health-hazardous, but they can be prevented. Lead an active lifestyle, manage cholesterol levels, ensure you have a balanced and rich nutrition, don’t smoke and drink alcohol, and then you will enjoy a healthy and happy life!